Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder commonly known as ADHD usually begins in childhood. Those with ADHD have a hard time sitting still, staying on task, and are unable to control their impulses. Even though this behavior can be seen in the average child, these actions are more severe in the ADHD child of the same age.
This disorder is estimated at affecting approximately 3 to 5 percent of all school age children. Let us examine a few of the symptoms found in ADHD children:
Inattentiveness: This child is unable to sort out what is unimportant details in information received, which causes him/her to lose focus in the classroom.
In the classroom, outside sounds, smells and things seen easily distract the ADHD child.
He in fact is paying attention but is unable to determine exactly what factors in his/her surrounding is most important.
Impulsive behavior: The action comes before the thought.
The average child is able to ascertain what the consequences of their action will be before they act. The ADHD child displays bad judgment in things, because of his inability to plan things out his actions can become dangerous. When playing this child may run right over other children while playing, or dash out into the street in front of a moving vehicle.
Hyperactivity: The child may constantly move, unable to sit still.
This type of activity may carry on through their adult life. If you observe the child carefully, you will detect continuous movement involving the legs, feet, arms or hands.
They will usually have problems waiting, the longer they wait the more fidgety they become.
It is believed that half of all children with ADHD carry some of their symptoms into adolescence and adulthood with them. The risky behavior they exhibited in childhood may shift to delinquent behavior in adolescence years. For an adult, ADHD symptoms will be displayed by their frequently changing jobs or being fired a lot, fiddles all day and is restless. When the causes of these behaviors are misunderstood, it can cause a strain in marriages. An example of this would be in having a simple conversation, a lot of what was said by the spouse of an ADHD individual would be missed because of his inability to completely focus.
Several treatments have been proposed for ADHD. They range from focusing on the diet factor to using medications, behavior modification, and cognitive training. Because ADHD is a malfunction of the brain the use of medication could restore the chemical imbalance for many who suffer. Unfortunately it does not help with a child's learning ability it only increases their ability to focus. Behavior modification in children does not relieve parents from their responsibility to discipline their child. The parent(s) that simply give up on their child and let them run wild is not doing them any favors. There has to be clear-cut rules and limits as well as appropriate rewards and penalties. A strict routine has to be set and daily followed. This would include a schedule for doing homework, chores, bathing and other activities. In cognitive training you must help the child create a positive view of himself. Often, because of their disorder they feel, ugly, stupid and as if they are bad all of the time, even if these statements are not true. Because of the child's disorder he may receive much criticism from peers, teachers, siblings, and sometimes even from frustrated parents. A positive view of his self-worth along with knowing the difficulty he is having is manageable can go a long way. Support in these things can help him to set realistic goals and to not treat himself in a harsh manner.